Metaphors assert that objects in a comparison are identical on the point of comparison.
(Metaphors are usually compared with similes.)
A simile, however, just asserts similarity using “like” or “as.”
For 6 more comparisons in the
use the DOOR.
- Allegory: An extended metaphor wherein a story illustrates an important attribute of the subject.
- Antithesis: A rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences.
- Hyperbole: Excessive exaggeration to illustrate a point.
- Metonymy: A figure of speech using the name of one thing in reference to a different thing to which the first is associated. In the phrase “lands belonging to the crown”, the word “crown” is metonymy for ruler or monarch.
- Parable: An extended metaphor told as an anecdote to illustrate or teach a moral or spiritual lesson, such as in Aesop’s fables or Jesus’ teaching method as told in the Bible.
- Pun: A verbal device by which multiple definitions of a word or its homophones are used to give a sentence multiple valid readings, typically to humorous effect.
¹ Adapted from Wikipedia.