WWII — 1939 – 1945
There were 2 key events in the Pacific
that involved America’s
participation. Here’s some
brief detail of what happened.
The 2 dates:
(1) Dec. 7, 1941
(2) Aug. 6, 1945
For more use the DOOR
These 2 packets of info will help you “feel” the impact of this second great war, now quickly fading from people’s memory, that so greatly affected the history of the United States.
(1) JAPAN’S SUDDEN ATTACK ON HAWAII (Dec. 7, 1941)
“Japan made an unprovoked attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Over 400 Japanese aircraft destroyed 2 battleships, 1 mine layer, 2 destroyers, and 188 aircraft. The United States immediately declared war on Japan.”¹ (2,400 were killed; 1200 were wounded.)
(2) The U. S. BOMBS JAPAN (Aug. 6, 1945)
“On the morning of Aug. 6, 1945, the U. S. Air Force dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The bomb, nicknamed “Little Boy,” killed up to 80,000 civilians. Three days later a second bomb–‘Fat Man’–killed 35,000-40,000 in Nagasaki. Many more died later from radiation poisoning. On Aug. 14, the Japanese surrendered unconditionally to the Allied forces.”¹
1) 2 bombings & in 9 days the war is over.
2) Had we known of the new bomb’s terrible effect, and had communication been then what it is now, would the U. S. have dropped those bombs? (For example, in recent middle-eastern conflicts the U. S. gets ridiculed if it can’t pinpoint the dropping of bombs down the smokestacks of enemy bunkers and the world can immediately see the carnage of our “misses.”)
3) WWII caused widespread pain and realignment of world power.
¹ Though these facts are cited in many places, our quotes are from Know It All: The Little Book of Essential Knowledge by Susan Aldridge, Elizabeth King Humphrey, and Julie Whitaker (Sweet Water Press), 2008.