“In the beginning, nearly fourteen billion years ago, all the space and all the matter and all the energy of the known universe was contained in a volume less than one-trillionth the size of the period at the end that ends this sentence   .  ¹


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      “Conditions were so hot, the basic forces of nature that collectively describe the universe were unified. Though still unknown how it came into existence, this sub-pinpoint-sized cosmos could only expand. Rapidly. In what we call today the big bang…”


   This is how Neil deGrasse Tyson’s history of how science-explains-everything systematically begins. Several observations about this exciting, provocative volume (which we recommend):

   (1)  This is not a piece of Christian propaganda; it is “secular-oriented.”

   (2)  To justify a past “pin-point cosmos” one would have to inspect a scientifically supported “pathway” that resorts to applying scientific laws, “learnings,” and some scientific theory–and then applying serious, but accepted, mathematics to modern-day scientific discoveries.

   (3)  DeGrasse Tyson  honestly admits scientific ignorance about how “space,” “matter,” “energy,” and–not mentioned right here–“time” came into existence. To learn how to “respond” to that dilemma (not provide a proven scientific answer, however) one has to enter a realm beyond that of verifiable science.

   (4)  The big bang² account of beginnings, with its implied billions of years, is overwhelmingly accepted by scientists who have investigated this matter (including many Christians who take the Bible seriously). To reject this scenario (perhaps because “there was no one there to see or measure” it), one would have to reject a huge volume of everyday research in astronomy, chemistry, physics, and biology.

   (5)  Accepting the big bang, and “billions” of years, and the discovered data that suggest billions of stars and countless exoplanets in no way accounts for the causes of many perceived changes in inorganic and organic matter and the persistent directionality of such changes from the “tiny dot” to people talking about such a dot. Have we just accidentally and randomly arrived to where we sit and read this? Or is a “shepherding mind” somehow involved? And, if so, do we have any reliable information from elsewhere that adds to what we have learned from science? More than that, does any other information–apart from science–help us address science’s other unresolved mysteries, among them:

(a)  the melding of classical and quantum physics

(b)  the nature and behavior of dark matter

(c)  the nature and behavior of dark energy

(d)  the self-organization of the first life

(e)  the distinct behavior of human life


   ¹ Neal deGrasse Tyson, Astrophysics for People in a Hurry (Norton, 2017, pp. 11-12). We recommend this book for people who wonder how science goes with everything else, and what true science knows and does not–at least yet–know. All quoted material is from this book.

   ² Lower case is the way “big bang” is expressed here. We prefer “Big Bang.”