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“He eats like a pig!”

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   “On the highway he’s a road hog.”  (“Road pig” just doesn’t sound right.)

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   Above, “pig” is a simile. (look for like and as)

   And, “hog” is a metaphor.

   Further, in a general sense, both could be considered metaphors or better, perhaps, figures of speech.

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   Metaphoric usage of language is not considered telling lies. In fact, a metaphor, in the general sense can often be the best way to say something.

   The Bible is full of metaphors. Jesus often used them.

   For more on all this use the DOOR.

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   [MORE]

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   If one spends time in the Gospels (which detail Jesus’ ministry), Jesus–surprisingly perhaps–uses metaphors over and over as He preaches and teaches. One reason, perhaps, is that the reader has to do some work to dig out the meaning, even though some things may seem obvious to our eyes.

   However, in a few cases, Jesus is very direct in explaining what his parables, or stories mean. Take for example the Parable of the Sower in Mark Ch. 4. The farmer sows seed which is eaten by birds, seed which lands on rocky ground, seed which falls among thorns, and seed which falls on good soil. Only the last seed grows and can be harvested and–note the detail: some seed yields thirtyfold, some sixtyfold, and some a hundredfold.

   Then Jesus explains the metaphor:

   The seed is the Word (of God).

   Some seed is taken away by Satan. (Certain parts of the seed? or just some seed?)

   Some seed (among rocks) is not able to take root so it dies.

   Some seed is choked by thorns which Jesus declares are “worries of the world,” “deceitfulness of riches,” and “desires for other things” so it also dies.

   Some seed, however, falls on good soil grows and gains by 30, 60, and 100 fold.

   So now is this metaphor explained by real facts? Well, Yes and No.

   What more remains?

   Well, the seed is the “Word” of God. But what Word in particular?  And how does Satan come from somewhere and take away the Word? Metaphor is still in play here. But the cause and effect is more clear. The “worries…,” “riches,” and “bad desires” are helpfully categorized but not detailed. We need more thinking about this.

   The good seed is not messed with and presumably gets enough water  so it grows. But look: The yield varies! Why? we’re not told. But we’re left to assume even good seed is affected by other–unidentified–factors that determine the harvest results.

   We get some fuzzy generalities here and some about what affects what.

   But we get the point.

   And metaphor is a great way to drive it home.