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And just where, besides the Big Bang, did

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quark

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come from?

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For more, well, see the previous post and/or use the DOOR.

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   [MORE]

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   From James Joyce’s, Finnegans Wake¹ (1939).

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   The word was invented by Murray Gell-Mann in the 1960s. At first the term was “quork,” but then was changed to “quark,” by someone’s association with Joyce’s line in his book, “Three quarks for Muster² Mark.”

   There’s nothing like a word from a book becoming much more famous than the book itself.

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   [A brief review? Well, a quark is said to be the smallest particle, though none have been “stand-alone” singled out by themselves. There are, however, 3 quarks in a proton (which has–total– a +1 charge), and 3 quarks in a neutron (which has–total– a “0″ charge) as always. The charge of quarks is explained in the previous post.]

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   ¹ Finnegans Wake is spelled without the apostrophe. Joyce was an extreme experimentalist in writing content and style who, by the way, was largely unread by the general public. Perhaps some cutting edge experimental scientists found a kindred spirit.

   ² “Muster” is also spelled correctly (according to Joyce).